NIH and CDC requires and EHS strongly recommends the preparation of emergency plans for laboratories and facilities involved in biohazardous activities. It is the laboratory Principal Investigator or Supervisor's responsibility to:
- Develop specific emergency plans and train lab personnel
- Post and update emergency notification signage
- Maintain a biosafety spill kit/station at a secure location near the main exit of the laboratory
The following basic principles are useful in dealing with accidental spills or releases of biohazardous material:
- Render assistance to persons involved
- Warn personnel of the potential hazards to their safety and evacuate the area if necessary
- Control area to allow only authorized persons to enter. Do not allow re-entry to the area without proper controls/training or until hazards are eliminated. The Incident Commander, Principal Investigator, Biological Safety Professional and other expert personnel will determine re-entry procedures
For any biohazardous material incident you must contact the Biosafety Professional at (573) 882-7018 for reporting purposes.
Advanced planning for emergency incident response will minimize the risk and potential hazards involved with biohazardous activities. The following planning tools will assist Principal Investigators or Supervisors to meet all the requirements for a successful incident response plan.
- Experiment Risk Assessment
- Laboratory Specific Emergency Plan
- Laboratory Exposure Control Plan
- Spill Kits
The following procedures serve as a general outline for responding to the particular type of incident. More specific and detailed procedures may need to be developed by a Principal Investigator depending on the type of material being worked with.
A Simple Spill is small, confined, and presents minimal hazards. It can normally be handled solely by laboratory personnel.
A Complicated Spill normally involves a larger or public spatial area, multiple or unknown biohazards, etc. It requires specific expertise outside the knowledge of laboratory personnel to respond to the spill.
- Simple Spills & Releases
- Complicated Spills & Releases
- Air Flow and Power Failures of Biosafety Cabinets
- Personal Injury or Illness
The lessons learned after an incident will improve planning/preparedness, response procedures, training, recovery and minimize the potential for future incidents. The following tools assist the Principal Investigator or Supervisor to complete post-incident activities.